General road rules
Road rules and regulations are strictly enforced in Victoria.
- Drive on the left side of the road
- Wear a seat belt at all times
- Do not drive if under the influence of illicit drugs
- Default speed limit in built-up areas: 50 km/h
- Default speed limit outside of built-up areas: 100 km/h
- Maximum road speed: 110 km/h (only on selected rural highways and freeways)
Mobile phone use:
- It is illegal to use a hand-held mobile phone while driving or when not parked
- Pull over safely and park when you need to operate a hand-held mobile phone
- Hands-free mobiles can be used while driving, but only by drivers with full licences
Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) limits when driving:
- Zero BAC applies for professional drivers (truck, bus or taxi), learner or probationary drivers
- BAC limit of 0.05% applies for all other drivers
For further information refer to Victoria's road rules.
Road rules unique to Victoria
While road rules are generally consistent throughout Australia's states and territories, there are a few minor differences in Victoria. They include:
- U-turns are permitted at traffic lights unless signs advise otherwise.
- Hook turns are required when turning right at clearly designated intersections in the Melbourne CBD and South Melbourne. Their purpose is to improve traffic flow by removing turning traffic from the right lane where dedicated turning lanes can't be provided due to tram lines.
- There are specific rules in regards to sharing the roads with trams.
For further details of road rules unique to Victoria including those in relation to trams on Melbourne's streets, see information for tourists about Victoria's road rules.
Overseas visitors to Victoria are permitted to drive motor vehicles on the state's roads provided they have a current and valid overseas driver licence and they only driving vehicles of the same class that their licence was issued for. This driver licence must either be printed in the English language, otherwise an English translation of it must be provided. An acceptable translation of a non-English driver licence is an International Driving Permit (IDP) which most countries around the world can issue, however the IDP must be accompanied by the original licence.
Number plates are required to be displayed on a registered vehicle in order for it to be driven on public roads in Victoria.
An example of the current standard issue number plates for vehicles registered in Victoria is shown on the right. The format is two groups of one number followed by two letters. The slogan is "Victoria - The Education State".
Further details about number plates, including special interest and personalised versions, are available from the VicRoads number plate page.