The Goldfields region in central Victoria covers many of the areas in which the discovery of gold sparked the Victorian gold rush of the 1850s.
The gold rush was one of Victoria's most famous and iconic periods in history. It drew prospectors from all corners of the world in search of wealth, resulting in a massive population boom and the phenomenal growth of cities and towns. For several years, Victoria dominated the world's total gold output.
The gold rush has left behind a rich and lasting legacy within towns of the region, particularly Ballarat, Bendigo, Castlemaine and Maryborough. Beautiful architecture, grand public buildings, statues, fountains and exquisite gardens are all reminders of that rich era.
Tourism is now an important industry for those former gold mining areas, allowing visitors to reconnect with the past. History is preserved and recreated at various attractions including Sovereign Hill in Ballarat and the Central Deborah Mine in Bendigo. State and national parks protect many relics from the gold rush days including old mines, tunnels, digging sites, abandoned machinery and building ruins.
The Goldfields region has an impressive array of wineries, particularly around Bendigo, Heathcote and Avoca, which is also home to fruit-growing orchards.