Charlton established itself during the late 1800s as grain growing area and there are several grain silos in Charlton and surrounding communities which highlight what is still this region's main industry.
The commercial centre of Charlton is located on High Street. The Avoca River flows right through the town centre and there are walking tracks and parks beside the river.
14 kilometres west of Charlton on the road to Donald are the Wooroonook Lakes. They are surrounded by picnic grounds and offer swimming, fishing and boating.